The missing link in El Ni?o?s phenomenon generation

The study of the El Ni?o phenomenon has been addressed for decades by means of the well-known ocean-atmosphere coupling model described by El Ni?o Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. However, its generation mechanism has remained unknown until now, hindering the forecast of such occurrence and t...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Mato M?ndez, Fernando Jos?
Format: Artículos
Language:eng
Published: 2017
Subjects:
Online Access:http://repositorio.educacionsuperior.gob.ec/handle/28000/4991
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Summary:The study of the El Ni?o phenomenon has been addressed for decades by means of the well-known ocean-atmosphere coupling model described by El Ni?o Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. However, its generation mechanism has remained unknown until now, hindering the forecast of such occurrence and the degree of its intensity. Our research provides for the first time the discovery of a clear correlation pattern between a temporal inmense increase in seismicity at localized regions inside the Pacific Plate, triggered by previous telluric movements at the plate boundaries, leading to the subsequent emergence of El Ni?o?s extraordinary events. Thus, we were able to provide supported evidence of such extraordinary climatic episodes occur due to the increase of magmatic activity in the seafloor inside the Pacific Plate, establishing the asthenosphere ocean coupling mechanism that triggers them. Furthermore, our research provides three additional major discoveries suggesting the need of rethinking both, the ENSO and the usual climate models themselves. These would be that the asthenosphere-ocean coupling mechanism becomes the major mode in the inter-annual variability of ENSO, providing the missing link in the generation of El Ni?o extraordinary events; the origin of the two modes of manifestation, the CP-El Ni?o and the EP-El Ni?o; and the evidence that the Southern Oscillation phenomenon governs the secondary mode of the inter-annual variability of the ENSO, generating the weak and moderate episodes of El Ni?o phenomenon.