Uncontacted Waorani in the Yasun? Biosphere Reserve: geographical validation of the Zona Intangible Tagaeri Taromenane (ZITT)

The Tagaeri Taromenane People are two indigenous groups belonging to the Waorani first nation living in voluntary isolation within the Napo region of the western Amazon rainforest. To protect their territory the Ecuadorean State has declared and geographically defined, by Decrees, the Zona Intangibl...

Full description

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Main Author: De Marchi, Massimo
Format: Artículos
Language:eng
Published: 2016
Subjects:
Online Access:http://repositorio.educacionsuperior.gob.ec/handle/28000/2532
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!
id oai:localhost:28000-2532
recordtype dspace
spelling oai:localhost:28000-25322017-04-05T20:11:25Z Uncontacted Waorani in the Yasun? Biosphere Reserve: geographical validation of the Zona Intangible Tagaeri Taromenane (ZITT) De Marchi, Massimo UNCONTACTED WAORANI YASUNI TAGAERI The Tagaeri Taromenane People are two indigenous groups belonging to the Waorani first nation living in voluntary isolation within the Napo region of the western Amazon rainforest. To protect their territory the Ecuadorean State has declared and geographically defined, by Decrees, the Zona Intangible Tagaeri Taromenane (ZITT). This zone is located within the UNESCO Yasun? Biosphere Reserve (1989), one of the most biodiverse areas in the world. Due to several hydrocarbon reserve exploitation projects running in the area and the advancing of a large-scale deforestation front, the survival of these groups is presently at risk. The general aim was to validate the ZITT boundary using the geographical references included in the Decree 2187 (2007) by analyzing the geomorphological characteristics of the area. Remote sensing data such as Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Landsat imagery, topographic cartography of IGM-Ecuador, and fieldwork geographical data have been integrated and processed by Geographical Information System (GIS). The ZITT presents two levels of geographic inconsistencies. The first dimension is about the serious cartographical weaknesses in the perimeter delimitation related to the impossibility of linking two rivers belonging to different basins while the second deals with the perimeter line not respecting the hydrographic network. The GIS analysis results clearly show that ZITT boundary is cartographically nonsense due to the impossibility of mapping out the perimeter. Furthermore, GIS analysis of anthropological data shows presence of Tagaeri Taromenane clans outside the ZITT perimeter, within oil production areas and in nearby farmer settlements, reflecting the limits of protection policies for non-contacted indigenous territory. The delimitation of the ZITT followed a traditional pattern of geometric boundary not taking into account the nomadic characteristic of Tagaeri Taromenane: it is necessary to adopt geographical approaches to recognize the indigenous right to their liveable territories in the complex territorialities enacted by different stakeholders. Universidad Nacional Del Chimborazo https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3686793/ 2016-10-20T17:38:03Z 2016-10-20T17:38:03Z 2013 article Pappalardo, Salvatore Eugenio; De Marchi, Massimo; Ferrarese, Francesco. (2013). Uncontacted Waorani in the Yasun? Biosphere Reserve: geographical validation of the Zona Intangible Tagaeri Taromenane (ZITT). PLoS One. Vol 8 , N/A http://repositorio.educacionsuperior.gob.ec/handle/28000/2532 eng openAccess
institution SENESCYT
collection Repositorio SENESCYT
biblioteca Biblioteca Senescyt
language eng
format Artículos
topic UNCONTACTED
WAORANI
YASUNI
TAGAERI
spellingShingle UNCONTACTED
WAORANI
YASUNI
TAGAERI
De Marchi, Massimo
Uncontacted Waorani in the Yasun? Biosphere Reserve: geographical validation of the Zona Intangible Tagaeri Taromenane (ZITT)
description The Tagaeri Taromenane People are two indigenous groups belonging to the Waorani first nation living in voluntary isolation within the Napo region of the western Amazon rainforest. To protect their territory the Ecuadorean State has declared and geographically defined, by Decrees, the Zona Intangible Tagaeri Taromenane (ZITT). This zone is located within the UNESCO Yasun? Biosphere Reserve (1989), one of the most biodiverse areas in the world. Due to several hydrocarbon reserve exploitation projects running in the area and the advancing of a large-scale deforestation front, the survival of these groups is presently at risk. The general aim was to validate the ZITT boundary using the geographical references included in the Decree 2187 (2007) by analyzing the geomorphological characteristics of the area. Remote sensing data such as Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Landsat imagery, topographic cartography of IGM-Ecuador, and fieldwork geographical data have been integrated and processed by Geographical Information System (GIS). The ZITT presents two levels of geographic inconsistencies. The first dimension is about the serious cartographical weaknesses in the perimeter delimitation related to the impossibility of linking two rivers belonging to different basins while the second deals with the perimeter line not respecting the hydrographic network. The GIS analysis results clearly show that ZITT boundary is cartographically nonsense due to the impossibility of mapping out the perimeter. Furthermore, GIS analysis of anthropological data shows presence of Tagaeri Taromenane clans outside the ZITT perimeter, within oil production areas and in nearby farmer settlements, reflecting the limits of protection policies for non-contacted indigenous territory. The delimitation of the ZITT followed a traditional pattern of geometric boundary not taking into account the nomadic characteristic of Tagaeri Taromenane: it is necessary to adopt geographical approaches to recognize the indigenous right to their liveable territories in the complex territorialities enacted by different stakeholders.
author De Marchi, Massimo
author_facet De Marchi, Massimo
author_sort De Marchi, Massimo
title Uncontacted Waorani in the Yasun? Biosphere Reserve: geographical validation of the Zona Intangible Tagaeri Taromenane (ZITT)
title_short Uncontacted Waorani in the Yasun? Biosphere Reserve: geographical validation of the Zona Intangible Tagaeri Taromenane (ZITT)
title_full Uncontacted Waorani in the Yasun? Biosphere Reserve: geographical validation of the Zona Intangible Tagaeri Taromenane (ZITT)
title_fullStr Uncontacted Waorani in the Yasun? Biosphere Reserve: geographical validation of the Zona Intangible Tagaeri Taromenane (ZITT)
title_full_unstemmed Uncontacted Waorani in the Yasun? Biosphere Reserve: geographical validation of the Zona Intangible Tagaeri Taromenane (ZITT)
title_sort uncontacted waorani in the yasun? biosphere reserve: geographical validation of the zona intangible tagaeri taromenane (zitt)
publishDate 2016
url http://repositorio.educacionsuperior.gob.ec/handle/28000/2532
_version_ 1634995069768433664
score 11,871979