Ecuador: la adhesión de mar territorial de doscientas millas y la zona económica exclusiva de la convención de las Naciones Unidas sobre el derecho del mar en el contexto de globalización

A space that has not been completely explored by the human being are the oceans that cover the fourth three parts of the planet, and contain very rich, both alive and inert, resources, that without the need of being overexploit they mean a lot to the economic progress of the people. The development...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Jhayya Garcés, Andrea Estefanía
Other Authors: Zambrano Albuja, Pablo Agustín
Format: Tesis de Pregrado
Published: Quito: Universidad de las Américas, 2011. 2015
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Online Access:http://dspace.udla.edu.ec/handle/33000/322
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Summary:A space that has not been completely explored by the human being are the oceans that cover the fourth three parts of the planet, and contain very rich, both alive and inert, resources, that without the need of being overexploit they mean a lot to the economic progress of the people. The development of the Maritime Law along the history involves all the interested States, whether coastal or landlocked because each presents a different position until the consolidation of a positive law which is organized by a set of rules and equitable principles that meet the needs of different States. International cooperation is inevitable at present to maintain a harmonious coexistence by integrating transportation and communication between states using the oceans properly committed to the preservation of the marine environment. The maritime situation of the Ecuador supports at present a thesis of 200 miles of territorial sea that were proclaimed in the Tripartite Declaration of 1952, circumstance that does not answer to the current reality, on the other hand the Convention of the United Nations on the Maritime Law. It shows us another situation, with a set of procedure of universal character, that includes another institution of Maritime Law named Economic Exclusive Zone that spreads up to two hundred miles, created to answer exclusively economic needs in favor of the riverside State. The law is a set of rules and it is necessary to study the legal environment of Ecuador in front of the constitution of oceans and space that most worries the coastal State is to reduce the jurisdiction in the new institution of the sea.To conclude; the accession of Ecuador to the Convention is one of the main objectives, which allows the coastal States legal recognition of the international community in its sovereign rights and jurisdiction scenario, Ecuador shouldnt remain any longer out of context without enjoying the rights and having just obligations of universal character.